League of Nations
In history class, with Lenny, we watched a video that talked about league of nations. Our exercise, was to answer some questions.
1- What were the aims of the league?
2- What happened to wilson when he returned to US after signing the treaty of versailles?
3-Why did german immigrants in USA not want to join the league?
4- What economic reason did us give to stay out of the league?
5-How did americans feel about imperialism in europe?
6-Why did poland invade Vilna? Why did the league not act about it?
7- Why was upper silesia an important region for Poland and Germany?
8-How did the league solve the conflict in Vilna?
9-What did the league decide to do Aland island?
10- Why did mussolini invade Greece in the Corfu conflict?
11- Why was the league criticised about the resolution in the Corfu Conflict?
12- How did the Geneva protocol weaken the league?
13- why did Greece invade Bulgaria in 1925?
14- Why did Greece complain that the league “ seemed to have one rule for the large states (such as Italy) and another for the smaller ones”.
1- The aims of the league were:
- to discourage aggression from any nation.
- to encourage countries to co-operate, especially in business and trade.
- to encourage nations to disarm.
- to improve the living and working conditions of people in all parts of the world.
2- When Woodrow returned to US after signing the treaty of versailles he had problems. Before the US could join the league, he needed the approval of the congress, and in the USA this was not a very popular idea.
3- The league was supposed to enforce the treaty yet some Americans, particularly the millions who had German ancestors, hated the treaty itself.
4- If the league imposed sanctions, it might be American trade and business that suffered most, so the US ended “losing”.
5- some feared that the league would be dominated by GB and France and would be called to help defend their empires! Many in the US were anti empires.
6- Poland invaded Vilna because. The league did not react because they were not ready to act.
7- The region was ethnically mixed with both Germans and Poles. This was a problem because the Poles suffered discrimination and racism, making them effectively second class citizens, so it was very important because there was confrontation between them.
8- The Poles captured the capital of Lithuania (Vilna), so the league told them to step back. Great Britain and France supported Poland. Poland refused, so the league of nations could not resolve the problem.
9- There was a problem between Finland and Sweden, that involved the territory of the Aaland islands. The league settled that the islands belonged to Finland, both countries agreed.
10- An Italian general named Tellini and his team were murdered in Greece, so Italy occupied Corfu. The Italian leader Mussolini was furious and blame the Greek government for the murder.
11- Because they made the Greeks pay, and this was criticised by many people in that time and many historians such as Zara Steiner that said: “The dispute showed that the weakest of the great powers could get its way when Britain and France agreed to sacrifice justice for co-operation”.
12- There was a decision in the league that if there was any confrontation between two countries they should acude to the league and then what the league decided had to be accepted by both. The league hoped this was going to strengthen the league, but GB refused to sign and instead of strengthen, it weakened it.
13- Greece invaded Bulgaria because there was an incident on the border between the, in which some Greek soldiers were killed.
14- Greece complained because they thought it was very unfair that smaller states had different rules than larger states.